1950 Ariel Square Four

1950 ARIEL SQUARE FOUR BACKGROUND
The original Ariel Square Four was created by legendary engine designer, Edward Turner in 1930. In its original form, it displaced 500cc and had four cylinders arranged in a ‘square’. It was unusual in that it had two crankshafts, one behind the other, each with two cylinders. These cranks were geared together 180 degrees out of phase. The cast iron one-piece cylinder block and removable head had a single overhead cam (SOHC). Also rare for the times, it had horizontally-split crankcases made of aluminum alloy. Before its official 1932 introduction, it was expanded to 601cc. In 1937, it was completely redesigned as a 995cc pushrod-operated OHV 4-cylinder and was dubbed the Model 4G, but carried the nickname “Squariel”.

1950 ARIEL SQUARE FOUR DESIGN
The Model 4G ditched the rigid rear frame in 1939 in favor of an Anstey-link plunger rear suspension, and a new frame to go along with it. In 1946, when civilian production resumed after World War II, a new telescopic front fork replaced the old girder forks. In 1949, the old cast iron cylinder block and head were dropped in favor of aluminum alloy pieces, which both saved weight and aided cooling. This and other changes allowed the new Mark I, as it was called, to reach 90 mph-plus.


1950 Ariel Square Four SPECIFICATIONS

Engine type

Displacement

Bore & Stroke

Compression

Carburetor

Engine output

Ignition

Charging

Primary drive

Clutch

Gearbox

Final drive

Frame type

Suspension, front

Suspension, rear

Brake, front

Brake, rear

Wheel, font

Wheel, rear

Tire, front

Tire, rear

Fuel capacity

Wheelbase

Seat height

Ground clearance

Dry weight

Top speed

Fuel economy

Air-cooled OHV twin-crankshaft 4-cylinder

997cc

65mm X 75mm

6.0:1

1- SU side-draft 

34.5 bhp @ 5400 rpm

Lucas coils & distributor

Lucas dynamo

1/2" X .305" chain

Multi-plate, wet

Burman 4-speed, right foot shift

5/8" X 3/8" chain

Steel tube, full-cradle

Ariel telescopic fork, hydraulic damping

2- plunger-type w/short trailing arm

7" full-width SLS drum

7" SLS drum

WM2-19  (19")

WM3-18  (18")

3.25" X 19" Dunlop, ribbed

4.00" X 18" Dunlop, universal

4 gal

56.0"

31.0", unladen

5.5", unladen

430 lbs

98 mph

42 mpg



MORE ARIELS
Ariel Motorcycles
.....Ariel Square Four
..........1932 Ariel Square Four
..........1948 Ariel Square Four
..........1950 Ariel Square Four
..........1951 Ariel Square Four
..........1952 Ariel Square Four
..........1953 Ariel Square Four
..........1955 Ariel Square Four
..........1956 Ariel Square Four
..........1957 Ariel Square Four
..........1958 Ariel Square Four
..........1959 Ariel Square Four
.....Ariel Red Hunter
..........1939 Ariel Red Hunter
..........1947 Ariel Red Hunter
..........1948 Ariel Red Hunter
..........1949 Ariel Red Hunter
..........1954 Ariel Red Hunter
..........1957 Ariel Red Hunter


Check out these ARIEL BOOKS

ARIEL: THE COMPLETE STORY


ARIEL MOTORCYCLE WORKSHOP MANUAL 1933-1951, BY CLYMER


115 MHP ARIEL RED HUNTER, KINDLE


ARIEL SQUARE FOUR LIMITED EDITION EXTRA


ARIEL SQUARE FOUR SUPER PROFILE


BOOK OF THE ARIEL LEADER & ARROW 1958-1966


BOOK OF ARIEL 4-STROKE SINGLES 1939-1960


BOOK OF THE ARIEL - ALL PREWAR MODELS 1932-1939


ARIEL LEADER & GOLDEN ARROW - ROAD TEST LIMITED EDITION






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