1968 NORTON COMMANDO


Norton Commando Fastback, Norton motorcycles

The first 1968 Norton Commando was the Commando Fastback, pictured here in this burnt orange, which is not correct for a '68 Norton Commando. The correct paint color would have been British Racing Green tank & rear section, with silver oil tank & side cover.




HOW IT ALL BEGAN
The first Norton Commandos were all Fastbacks, designated Model 20M3, although they weren't referred to as Commando Fastbacks, just Norton Commandos. The first one, Engine #126125, rolled off the assembly line in February 1968 to rave reviews. The press gushed endlessly about it & sales took off. The Norton Commando literally saved Norton Motorcycles, for a few more years, at least.

ISOLASTIC SUSPENSION WORKS
The Isolastic Suspension System insulated the rider from engine vibration that had plagued the Norton Atlas & Dominator. This allowed the factory to extract more power from the engine, which previously had to be limited in the interest of smoothness. The new setup effectively canceled virtually all mid- & high-rpm vibration. Only at or just above idle (tick over) could any engine vibration be felt, & it was minimal.

ENGINE SPECS
The engine was the same old 745cc Norton Atlas engine with a 9.0:1 compression ratio & twin 930-series Amal Concentric carburetors. The engine was included forward to give the bike a new look, but this forced the intake manifolds to curve downward to keep the carbs level & clear of the fuel tank. Ignition was by twin coils & a capacitor, powered by a Lucas RM21 alternator inside the primary chaincase. The engine crankcase was a separate component in a textbook example of non-unit construction.

TRANSMISSION
The 4-speed gearbox was straight out of the AMC parts bin with a revised case. The primary chain was triplex. At launch, the very early models came with conventional multiplate wet clutches. But these were soon replaced in production with diaphragm clutches. These did not contain an internal rubber shock absorber like the previous units had. A beautiful outer primary cover was held in place by one central bolt.

ENGINE ASSEMBLY
The engine crankcase, the primary chaincase & the gearbox were all separate units that were bolted together with mounting plates into one solid assembly. Primary chain adjustment was accomplished with an adjustable tensioner rather than by moving the gearbox around in its mounts, like pre-unit Triumph twins. The entire structure incorporated 3 rubber mounts, one at the front of the engine, one at the top of the rocker box & one at the rear above the gearbox. It also provided the mounting for the swingarm pivot. This arrangement allowed the entire engine package & swingarm to move as one in their rubber mounts, insulating vibration from the rest of the chassis & rider. Shims were used to adjust & control sideways movement of the mounts, which could compromise handling.

THE NEW FRAME
The frame was conventional with a single large-diameter back bone & twin downtubes forming the engine cradle, then turning up to meet the upper shock mounts, with lots of cross-bracing for strength. However, early frames suffered from weakness around the heastocks & some frames actually broke. This was quickly remedied with the addition of a second backbone tube, running under the main one & further bracing & stiffening the neck.

RUNNING GEAR
The front forks were shortened Roadholder forks, straight from the Norton Atlas parts bin. The front brake was an 8-inch TLS (Twin Leading Shoe) unit in a new full-width, finned alloy hub. This unit was formerly a racing option on later Featherbed Twins. It had a front air scoop & exit vents in back, but the front scoop was blocked off on street bikes. Wheel sizes were 19-inches front & rear with a 3.00 X 19 front tire & 3.50 X 19 rear.

BODYWORK
The tank & tail section were made of fiberglass. The tail section formed the back of the seat & a radical-looking rear fender that gave the bike the nickname "Fastback", which was soon adopted by the factory when other models of the Commando were introduced & needed to be differentiated from one another. The nose of the dual seat wrapped around the back of the tank forming kneepads. The oil tank was on the right & a matching side over on the left, hiding the battery & electrics. The tool kit was contained in a small compartment in the rear fender that was accessed by removing the seat.

COLORS
The only correct color for a 1968 Norton Commando Fastback was British Racing Green. The tank & tail units were painted as such, with the oil tank & side cover painted silver. The frame & cast iron barrels (cylinder block) were painted black. The tank emblems were a new round Norton logo in green, meant to signify Norton's emergence into the world market. All it did was confuse buyers & ugly up the bike. Classic Norton script was soon to return.


1968 Norton Commando SPECIFICATIONS:


1968 NORTON COMMANDO
Model Designation.................................................. 20M3 'Fastback'
Original List Price ...................................................$1,457
Engine:
Type......................................................................OHV parallel twin
Dislplacement (actual):........................................... 746cc
Bore..................................................................... 73mm / 2.875"
Stroke................................................................... 89mm / 3.503
Compression Ratio:................................................. 9:0:1
Horsepower: ......................................................... 58hp @ 6500rpm
Carburetors ...........................................................(2) 30mm Amal Concentrics
Ignition..................................................................(2) coils
Oil System..............................................................dry sump
Oil Capacity.............................................................6pt.
Lighting System.......................................................12V battery & alternator
Ignition Timing, fully advanced...................................28-degrees BTDC
Primary drive...........................................................triplex chain
Clutch Type............................................................. multi-plate diaphram
Gearbox Ratios:
1st Gear...................................................................12.40:1
2nd Gear................................................................. 8.25:1
3rd Gear.................................................................. 5.90:1
4th Gear.................................................................. 4.84:1
Top Speeds in Gears @ 7000rpm:
1st Gear................................................................... 43.2mph
2nd Gear ................................................................. 64.8mph
3rd Gear ................................................................. 90.6mph
4th Gear ................................................................. 110.4mph
Dimensions:
Wheelbase................................................................ 57.1 inches
Seat Height............................................................... 31.3 inches
Curb Weight.............................................................. 431lb.


norton motorcycles, norton commando, norton parts, norton restoration, norton repair NORTON PARTS EXPERT
Interview w/Phil Radford,
Fair Spares America


Phil Radford of Fair Spares America is the US distributor for Norvil, the source for authentic Norton OEM parts. We interviewed him at Fair Spares America, Inc. in San Jose CA. Mail order, a huge parts inventory, repair to full restoration, custom machine work, all specific to Norton Motorcycles.



Check out these NORTON BOOKS:



Check out these NORTON BOOKS:



NORTON MOTORCYCLES


NORTON COMMANDO, COMPLETE STORY



NORTON COMMANDO


ESSENTIAL BUYERS GUIDE - NORTON COMMANDO


NORTON COMMANDO: ULTIMATE PORTFOLIO


NORTON MOTORCYCLES FACTORY WORKSHOP MANUAL 1957-70


THE MANX NORTON


THE BOOK OF NORTON DOMINATOR TWINS


NORTON DOMINATOR PERFORMANCE PORTFOLIO


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