1968 Norton Commando

ABOVE: The first 1968 Norton Commando was the Commando Fastback, pictured here in this burnt orange, which is not correct for a '68 Norton Commando. The correct paint color would have been British Racing Green tank & rear section, with silver oil tank & side cover.

HOW IT ALL BEGAN
The first Norton Commandos were all Fastbacks, designated Model 20M3, although they weren't referred to as Commando Fastbacks, just Norton Commandos. The first one, Engine #126125, rolled off the assembly line in February 1968 to rave reviews. The press gushed endlessly about it & sales took off. The Norton Commando literally saved Norton Motorcycles, for a few more years, at least.

ISOLASTIC SUSPENSION WORKS
The Isolastic Suspension System insulated the rider from engine vibration that had plagued the Norton Atlas & Dominator. This allowed the factory to extract more power from the engine, which previously had to be limited in the interest of smoothness. The new setup effectively canceled virtually all mid- & high-rpm vibration. Only at or just above idle (tick over) could any engine vibration be felt, & it was minimal.

ENGINE SPECS
The engine was the same old 745cc Norton Atlas engine with a 9.0:1 compression ratio & twin 930-series Amal Concentric carburetors. The engine was included forward to give the bike a new look, but this forced the intake manifolds to curve downward to keep the carbs level & clear of the fuel tank. Ignition was by twin coils & a capacitor, powered by a Lucas RM21 alternator inside the primary chaincase. The engine crankcase was a separate component in a textbook example of non-unit construction.

TRANSMISSION
The 4-speed gearbox was straight out of the AMC parts bin with a revised case. The primary chain was triplex. At launch, the very early models came with conventional multiplate wet clutches. But these were soon replaced in production with diaphragm clutches. These did not contain an internal rubber shock absorber like the previous units had. A beautiful outer primary cover was held in place by one central bolt.

ENGINE ASSEMBLY
The engine crankcase, the primary chaincase & the gearbox were all separate units that were bolted together with mounting plates into one solid assembly. Primary chain adjustment was accomplished with an adjustable tensioner rather than by moving the gearbox around in its mounts, like pre-unit Triumph twins. The entire structure incorporated 3 rubber mounts, one at the front of the engine, one at the top of the rocker box & one at the rear above the gearbox. It also provided the mounting for the swingarm pivot. This arrangement allowed the entire engine package & swingarm to move as one in their rubber mounts, insulating vibration from the rest of the chassis & rider. Shims were used to adjust & control sideways movement of the mounts, which could compromise handling.

THE NEW FRAME
The frame was conventional with a single large-diameter back bone & twin downtubes forming the engine cradle, then turning up to meet the upper shock mounts, with lots of cross-bracing for strength. However, early frames suffered from weakness around the heastocks & some frames actually broke. This was quickly remedied with the addition of a second backbone tube, running under the main one & further bracing & stiffening the neck.

RUNNING GEAR
The front forks were shortened Roadholder forks, straight from the Norton Atlas parts bin. The front brake was an 8-inch TLS (Twin Leading Shoe) unit in a new full-width, finned alloy hub. This unit was formerly a racing option on later Featherbed Twins. It had a front air scoop & exit vents in back, but the front scoop was blocked off on street bikes. Wheel sizes were 19-inches front & rear with a 3.00 X 19 front tire & 3.50 X 19 rear.

BODYWORK
The tank & tail section were made of fiberglass. The tail section formed the back of the seat & a radical-looking rear fender that gave the bike the nickname "Fastback", which was soon adopted by the factory when other models of the Commando were introduced & needed to be differentiated from one another. The nose of the dual seat wrapped around the back of the tank forming kneepads. The oil tank was on the right & a matching side over on the left, hiding the battery & electrics. The tool kit was contained in a small compartment in the rear fender that was accessed by removing the seat.

COLORS
The only correct color for a 1968 Norton Commando Fastback was British Racing Green. The tank & tail units were painted as such, with the oil tank & side cover painted silver. The frame & cast iron barrels (cylinder block) were painted black. The tank emblems were a new round Norton logo in green, meant to signify Norton's emergence into the world market. All it did was confuse buyers & ugly up the bike. Classic Norton script was soon to return.


1968 Norton Commando SPECIFICATIONS


Model designation

Original Price

Engine type

Displacement

Bore & Stroke

Compression

Carburetors

Ignition

Engine output

Oil system

Oil capacity

Primary drive

Clutch

Gearbox

Ratios, overall:

1st, bottom

2nd

3rd

4th, top

Final drive

Frame type

Suspension, front

Suspension, rear

Brake, front

Brake, rear

Wheelbase

Seat height

Weight

20M3 Fastback

$1,457.00

Air-cooled OHV parallel twin

746cc / 45 ci

73mm X 89mm / 2.875" X 3.503"

9.0:1

2- Amal Concentric, 30mm

Battery & coil, Lucas

58 bhp @ 6500 rpm

Dry sump

6 pts

Triplex chain

Multi-plate diaphragm, wet

4-speed constant-mesh, right-foot shift


12.40:1

8.25:1

5.90:1

4.84:1

Chain

Welded double cradle, Isolastic Suspension

Telescopic fork, hydraulic damping

Swing Arm, 2 dampers, Isolastic mounts

8" TLS drum, full width

7" SLS drum, full width

57.1"

31.3"

431 lbs


A WORK IN PROGRESS
In our efforts to complete our online index, and make this the world's greatest website about classic British motorcycles, we're building pages as fast as we can. The first thing we add are the pictures. Then come the specifications and then the history. So, if you see a page that just has only pictures on it, or just pictures and specs, please check back in a few weeks to see if we have it done. Thanks for your patience. And thanks for visiting Classic-British-Motorcycles.com. Please tell your friends about us.



MORE NORTON PAGES:
Norton Motorcycles
.....Norton Manx
..........1948
..........1949
..........1952
..........1953
..........1952
..........1957
..........1959
..........1962
.....Norton Dominator
..........1957
..........1959
.....Norton Atlas
..........1966
..........1967
.....Norton Commando
..........1968
..........1969
..........1970
..........1971
..........1972
..........1973
..........1974
..........1975
.....Interview with a Norton Expert


Check out these NORTON BOOKS


NORTON, THE COMPLETE HISTORY


NORTON DOMINATOR


THE UNAPPROACHABLE NORTON


HISTORY OF NORTON MOTORCYCLES


NORTON COMMANDO: THE COMPLETE STORY


NORTON COMMANDO: ULTIMATE PORTFOLIO


NORTON COMMANDO, THE ESSENTIAL BUYERS GUIDE


ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF NORTON MOTORCYCLES


NORTON FACTORY WORKSHOP MANUAL, 1957-1970


NORTON MOTORCYCLES 1950-1986


NORTON SERVICE & REPAIR HANDBOOK, 750 & 850 COMMANDOS


ILLUSTRATED MOTORCYCLE LEGENDS: NORTON


750 & 850 NORTON COMMANDO SHOP MANUAL BY HAYNES


NORTON COMMANDO


BOOK OF NORTON SINGLES 1938-1956


NORTON BY MORLEY


NORTON BY WOOLLETT


DOMINATOR IN THE SHADOWS


HAYNES SHOP MANUAL, NORTON 500, 600, 650, & 750


NORTON MOTORCYCLES BROCHURE 1953


BOOK OF NORTON DOMINATOR TWINS


NORTON STORY


NORTON, A HISTORY


NORTON FACTORY WORKSHOP MANUAL, 1953-1970


NORTON COMMANDO, ALL MODELS


THE NORTON MANX


NORTON ROTARIES


NORTON TWIN RESTORATION


NORTON TWINS


NORTON ROAD TESTS, 1948


NORTON MANX SUPER PROFILE


MANX NORTON


NORTON REPAIR & TUNE-UP MANUAL


CHILTONS NEW REPAIR MANUAL, NORTON 750 & 850


NORTON MOTORCYCLES, 1950-1986


NORTON DOMINATOR TWINS, BY ROY BACON


NORTON SINGLES 1933-1966, BY ROY BACON


NORTON SINGLES, 1927-1966, BY ROY BACON


FLAT TANK NORTON


BOOK OF NORTON: ILLUSTRATED SHOP MANUAL 1932-1939


NORTON COMMANDO OWNERS WORKSHOP MANUAL


BOOK OF NORTON SINGLES 1955-1963


NORTON TWINS OWNERS WORKSHOP MANUAL


NORTON MOTORCYCLES: ISLE OF MAN TT


DEVELOPMENT OF THE NORTON ROTARY MOTORCYCLE ENGINE


NORTON TWINS OWNERS MANUAL


NORTON TWINS OWNERS WORKSHOP MANUAL


NORTON MOTORCYCLES: A PRACTICAL GUIDE, ALL MODELS 1932


1957 NORTON 350 & 500 MANX


1974 NORTON 850 COMMMANDO



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